STATISTICS OF SPORT & BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES (SRT 605)

Saturday, December 23, 2017 @ 12:16 AM | 0 Comment [s]


ACTIVITY PROFILE PERFORMANCE OF INDONESIA IN SILAT OLAHRAGA 28TH SEA GAMES SINGAPORE 2015


INTRODUCTION
‘Silat’ is a term that used to describe a form of martial art practiced throughout the Malay Archipelago. Silat is known as one of the martial arts that originated from Indonesia. It is called as a tradition practiced in southern Thailand, Singapore, Vietnam, Brunei, Philippines and Malaysia. Silat is one of the sports that included in the Southeast Asian Games and other region wide competitions. Silat is a fighting and survival art combination. Silat is a form of several factors such as education from a tradition, self-defense, spiritual and ritual components and now it has established as a sport around the world. Silat is a special type of martial art that established in Malay culture, and it was extends crosswise over Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, the Southern Philippines and Southern Thailand, and different spots where popular who talk in the Malay dialect and allude to a typical Malay family line can be found.
Nowadays, Silat also has evolved on the African continent, Western countries and other big countries. In the other word, Silat has been famous entire of the world. It is widely implemented in the form of art and sport competitions such as Southeast Asian Games and other region-wide competition (Shapie & Elias, 2016).  Silat Olahraga is additionally can be a lesson for understudy to enhance their abilities. One of Silat Olahraga course objectives is to enhance confident level. One of learning procedure is amusement approach which is it include energizing, fun, and propelling for understudies. It makes inclusion of understudies in the class, bigger fervor to enhance and study new propelled aptitudes, and rousing the understudies to perform well in class.
Analysis of motion for silat is block and punch, block and kick, block and sweep, block, kick, fake kick, punch, fake punch, topple, catch, dodge, sweep and self-release. Past review demonstrates that the movement profile during activity time. According to Shapie, Oliver, O'Donoghue, and Tong (2009), the nature of work periods inside any battle sports relies on upon the recurrence, volume and kind of the action being performed. The target of this review is to discuss about the every motions of the Indonesia Silat Olahraga that related to their overall performance.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
            A video recording are the match of Class A, and H men’s at Sea Games in Singapore 2015 utilized for the analysis. Both silat athletes are included from various group or nation. This match consists of three rounds, which is two minutes for every round and one minute rest between each round. This notation involved various skills such as punch, kick, block, catch, topple and sweep. By using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) the statistical analysis has been calculated to see the result of an athlete performance. The video is repeated at least two times so the data can be taken properly. The frequency was taken as data to be analyzed.          

Motion categories
Silat Olahraga exponent’s motions were coded into 13 different types of categories and were defined as follows:

Punch
 The punch ‘tumbuk’ attack is done by a hand with a clos - ed fist hitting the target. In silat olahraga punching is often used to fight the opponent. It can be a straight punch ‘tumbuk lurus’ or uppercut ‘sauk’ to the exponent body’s (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).
Kick
The kick ‘tendang / terajang’ is an attacking movement which is performed with one leg or two legs simultaneously. A kick can be aimed at any target. It can be front kick ‘tendang depan’, side-kick ‘depak’ or semi-circular side kick ‘tendang lengkar’(Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).
Block
The blocking movements begin with the posture position ‘sikap pasang’: the exponent stands straight with his hands around his body or close to his chest. Blocking or parrying ‘tangkisan’ can be done using arms, elbows and legs with the purpose to block off or striking back at any attack(Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).
Catch
The catch ‘tangkapan’ is done by using the hand to obstruct the opponent from carrying out an attack. The silat olahraga exponent is able to prevent himself from being attacked by pointing the attack which he has caught to another direction. A catch which twists or drags the opponent is forbidden. Also, a catch which could break the part which is being held such as the leg and waist is also forbidden. These regulations exist to protect the silat olahraga exponent’s (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).
Topple
 There are various ways of toppling down one’s opponent. For example, a silat olahraga exponent ‘pesilat’ can either push, shove the opponent’s back leg from the bag or from the side, shove, hit, kick, strike or punch to make the opponent lose his balance. Every fall is considered valid as long as the silat olahraga exponent topples his opponent down without wrestling or he is able to overpower the opponent whom he has brought down (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013) .
Sweep
 Swiping ‘sapuan’ involves attacking an opponent’s leg which are on the ground to unstabilise him and bring down to the ground. A silat olahraga exponent can perform this attacking movement either with his right or left leg, Hence, front sweep ‘sapuan depan’ is done by swinging the leg to the front to push an opponent’s front leg, while back sweep ‘sapuan belakang’ is carried out by swinging the leg backward to hit the back leg (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013) .

Dodge
 The evade ‘elakan’ technique is carried out by silat olahraga exponent when he tries to evade an attack. This technique does not require the silat olahraga exponent to touch the opponent in fending off the attack. They are many ways of carrying out his de - fensive movement such as dodging ‘gelek’, retreat ‘mundur’, evasion to the side ‘elak sisi’, bending ‘elak serung’, jumping ‘lonjak’, ducking ‘susup’ and etc. (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013) .
Self-Release
 Self-release ‘lepas tangkapan’ technique is a technique to unlock any clinch or catch from an opponent(Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013) .
Block and Punch
The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using the hand to punch the opponent (Mohamed Shapie et al., 2013).
Block and Kick
 The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using the leg to kick the opponent (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).
Block and Sweep
The blocking technique is used to block any hand or leg attack from the opponent and followed by counter attack using sweeping technique to the opponent (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).
Fake Punch
Fake punch is an action which a silat olahraga exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake punch to break his opponent’s defensive posture (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).
Fake Kick
Fake kick is an action which a silat olahraga exponent intends to confuse the opponent using a fake kick to break his opponent defensive posture (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013).
Others
 Both silat olahraga exponents are either in posture position ‘sikap pasang’ or coming close to each other using silat olahraga step pattern ‘pola langkah’. All the activities are considered high intensity except for others which at that time both silat olahraga exponents are in low intensity periods (Mohamed Shapie, Oliver, O’Donoghue, & Tong, 2013) .

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
MEN’S 50kg CLASS A – QUARTERFINALS (INDONESIA VERSUS SINGAPORE)

Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target

SING
INA
SING
INA
SING
INA
Block & Punch
1
3
1
3
0
0
Block & Kick
2
4
2
4
0
3
Block & Sweep
0
1
0
0
0
0
Block
4
8
3
5
2
4
Kick
5
6
6
9
6
3
Fake Kick
6
1
0
2
4
0
Punch
1
4
4
7
2
1
Fake Punch
1
1
2
3
0
3
Topple
2
4
2
2
5
14
Catch
3
6
0
0
0
4
Dodge
3
3
0
0
0
0
Sweep
1
1
0
0
0
0
Self-Release
6
1
1
0
0
0
Total
35
38
21
35
19
29





75
88
Table 1



MEN’S 85kg CLASS H – FINAL (INDONESIA VERSUS MALAYSIA)

Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target

MAS
INA
MAS
INA
MAS
INA
Block & Punch
2
2
0
0
0
0
Block & Kick
0
2
0
1
0
0
Block & Sweep
0
0
0
0
0
0
Block
0
5
1
6
0
3
Kick
13
9
9
6
6
3
Fake Kick
1
0
0
0
1
1
Punch
3
3
4
1
0
1
Fake Punch
0
0
0
0
0
0
Topple
0
1
2
3
9
4
Catch
0
0
2
1
0
2
Dodge
0
0
0
0
0
0
Sweep
0
0
0
0
0
0
Self-Release
0
1
0
0
0
0
Total
19
23
18
18
16
14





53
55
Table 2




MEN’S 50kg CLASS A – SEMI FINAL (INDONESIA VERSUS PHILIPPINES)

Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target

PHI
INA
PHI
INA
PHI
INA
Block & Punch
1
0
0
0
0
0
Block & Kick
0
0
2
0
0
0
Block & Sweep
0
0
0
0
0
0
Block
0
0
3
0
0
1
Kick
2
5
7
9
2
1
Fake Kick
0
0
0
0
0
0
Punch
0
3
1
4
0
0
Fake Punch
0
0
0
0
0
0
Topple
0
2
5
2
4
6
Catch
0
0
4
2
0
0
Dodge
0
0
0
0
0
0
Sweep
0
1
3
0
2
0
Self-Release
0
0
0
0
0
0
Total
3
11
25
17
8
8





38
36
Table 3




MEN’S 50kg CLASS A – FINAL (INDONESIA VERSUS VIETNAM)

Hit Target
Hit Elsewhere
Miss Target

IND
VIET
IND
VIET
IND
VIET
Block & Punch
0
0
0
0
0
0
Block & Kick
0
0
0
0
0
0
Block & Sweep
0
0
0
0
0
0
Block
0
0
0
0
0
0
Kick
5
5
5
8
1
0
Fake Kick
0
0
0
0
4
4
Punch
1
1
0
0
0
0
Fake Punch
1
2
0
0
2
2
Topple
3
5
4
7
0
0
Catch
1
1
0
2
0
0
Dodge
1
0
1
2
0
0
Sweep
1
0
3
3
1
3
Self-Release
1
0
3
3
1
3
Total
12
16
9
6
12
6





34
46


Statistics


ID
KICK
HT
KICK
HE
KICK
MT
PUNCH
HT
PUNCH
HE
PUNCH
MT
TOPPLE
HT
TOPPLE
HE
TOPPLE
MT
SWEEP
HT
SWEEP
HE
SWEEP
MT
N
Valid
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
Missing
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Mean
1.25
6.25
7.25
2.00
2.75
3.00
.50
2.50
2.75
6.00
.50
.75
.25
Std. Error of Mean
.250
.946
1.031
.577
.629
1.581
.289
.645
.479
2.944
.289
.750
.250
Std. Deviation
.500
1.893
2.062
1.155
1.258
3.162
.577
1.291
.957
5.888
.577
1.500
.500

Intraclass Correlation Coefficient


Intraclass Correlation
95% Confidence Interval
F Test with True Value 0

Lower Bound
Upper Bound
Value
df1
df2
Sig

Single Measures
.028
-.019
.478
1.709
3
96
.170

Average Measures
.415
-.904
.958
1.709
3
96
.170

One-way random effects model where people effects are random.

Table 4


DISCUSSION
From all the videos that have been analyzed, table 1 show the result frequencies of the motion categories notated onto quarterfinal game of class A, which was Indonesia versus Singapore match. In this match, Indonesia athlete did not do higher mistakes compared to Singapore athlete. It can be seen on the Standard Error Mean (SE Mean) in the table in appendices. Indonesia athlete got higher knowledge in topple skills compared to Singapore athlete during the games. During match’s, topple skills are really useful and effective to gain an extra point to make sure each athlete can win the game by with using the actions properly.
In the table 2, Indonesia also won the match when the athlete easily dropping their opponent which is Malaysia. Malaysia athlete does higher mistakes compared to Indonesia athlete. From the table show that Indonesia athlete are more skillful in block and kick techniques compared to Malaysia athlete which is got higher in tactical skill using kick action to beat the opponent down. In this match, both athletes are using kick actions mostly to beat the opponent down.
For table 3, once again Indonesia won the match. Athlete from Indonesia is more forceful than athlete from Philippines. In this match Indonesia have a good in lower body motion seems like they are often used kick, topple and sweep but the opponents also have a good in lower body because they also often used kick topple and sweep, this is the challenges for Indonesia because they have the same strength which is lower body strength. In this match, athletes from Indonesia does not really used the punching technique because he like to attack at the lower parts which this also being a challenges to athletes from Indonesia because during games the topple hit on target.
And the last table 4 shows that Indonesia loss in Men’s 50kg Class A, final Indonesia versus Vietnam. Athletes from Indonesia is less effective compared to athletes from Vietnam, this happen because athletes from Vietnam have the strong lower body compared to athletes from Indonesia this can be seen through the kick miss target technique have the large number compared to number of kick hit target. This prove that athlete from Vietnam have the strong lower body part compared to athlete from Indonesia. Athlete from Indonesia also cannot block the attack from the opponent but opponent can block from being attack by Indonesia.

CONCLUSION
For the conclusion, Indonesia’s athlete has good performance in their match. Only one match the athlete does not performed well. This is may be because they loss the sense of alertness during competition. However, the next match the athlete work hard and being so prepared for them to perform better in upcoming competition. As indicated by all the video, it show that Indonesia have a good performance in Silat Olahraga.

RECOMMENDATION
As we know that occasionally, individuals commit errors and people are not perfect but rather we can practice to be the best. Silat athletes should practice more on their target and technique to improve their performance especially on catch, dodge, punch, kick, sweep, and topple. After that, silat is a martial art, we should prepare longer to improve the technique and the most important thing is the strength of the athlete so they can't sweep or topple. Besides, video investigation can be a recognize the athlete weakness.

REFERENCES
Abdul Rashid Aziz, Benedict Tan, Kong Chuan Teh (2002). Physiological Responses
during Matches and Profile of Elite Pencak Silat Exponentst. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 01, 147 – 155
Men’s 50kg Class A Quarterfinals Indonesia versus Singapore 28th Sea Games Singapore 2015
Men’s 85kg Class H Final Indonesia versus Malaysia 28th Sea Games Singapore 2015
Men’s 50kg Class A Semifinal Indonesia versus Philippines 28th Sea Games Singapore 2015
Men’s 50kg Class A Final Indonesia versus Vietnam 28th Sea Games Singapore 2015
O'Donoghue, P., Rudkin, S., Bloomfield, J., Powell, S., Cairns, G., Dunkerley, A., et al. (2005). Repeated work activity in english fa premier league soccer. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 5(2), 46-57.
Parnabas, V., Shapie, M. N. M., & Parnabas, J. (2015). Level of drugs usage and sport performance in malay silat. Ido Movement for Culture. Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 15(2), 45-51.
Shapie, M. N. M., Oliver, J., O’Donoghue, P., & Tong, R. (2014). Fitness characteristics of youth silat performers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 1, 147-155.

Shapie, M. N. M., Oliver, J., O’Donoghue, P., & Tong, R. (2014). Fitness characteristics of youth silat performers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 1, 147-155.


Quote

Nothing easy to get something worthy! Work for what you want in your life :)
If you want a boy to love you for a lifetime, love his heart, not his money.. If you want a girl to love you for a lifetime, love her soul, not her body..


Selection ^^

Diary About Friends


Let's Talk!


The Credits!

Template by : Farisyaa Awayy
Basecode by : Nurynn
Full Edited : TENGKU AISYAH

Best View at GOOGLE CHROME!